Category Archives: TILAPIA

Tilapia Aquaculture Developers Association of Nigeria inaugurates Anambra state Chapter

inauguration of Anambra State Chapter oF Tilapia Aquaculture Association

The Tilapia Aquaculture Developers Association of Nigeria TADAN),  n Monday, August 10, 2020, inaugurated a six-man executive committee as interim officials to pilot the affairs of the association at this early stage. They are to create a clear objective and catalyze the growth of improved Tilapia production in Anambra state.


This took place at the Anambra State Fisheries and Aquaculture Business Development Agency (FABDA) Boardroom, Government House Awka.



The stakeholders unanimously elected the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of Anambra State Fisheries and Aquaculture Business Development Agency *(FABDA), Mr. Emeka Iloghalu (founder of the TeeMartins Aquaculture Group) as the interim Chairman and Mr. Gabriel Muoneke of Eze Azu farms Nteje as vice chairman.


Others are:

Anthony Odili of Chinyere Agro Industrial Farms Ltd, General Secretary, Innocent Okeke, Publicity Secretary, Anochie Chigozie of Gozanbee Farms Umunachi, Financial Secretary and Onwuazombe Somadina of Aqua Heritage Farms who emerged as the Welfare Officer.



Inaugurating the officials, the National President of TADAN, Dr. Remi Ahmed, represented by the Association’s vice president, Mr. Nurudeen Tiamiyu charged the excos to focus on advancing objective and visible growth of Tilapia Aquaculture in Anambra state.


He noted that TADAN is positioned to develop and grow Tilapia Aquaculture in the country and beyond and sustain it.


“Our direction”, according to him, “is to put Nigeria Tilapia production on the global map and today, Anambra state has joined the list of about ten already inaugurated TADAN chapters in Nigeria.

“The idea behind what we are doing is to teach our (Tilapia Fish) producers what they need to know through training at both local and international levels” he said.

On his part, the Chief of Staff to the Governor of Anambra state, Mr Primius Odili while congratulating the new officers said the state government is more interested in agriculture, especially fish farming.

The Chief of Staff at the inauguration of Anambra State Chapter of TADAN

Odili who pointed out that earlier before now, he was a bit skeptical about rearing Tilapia, said that the state is willing to compete favourably with the world in the production of Tilapia and other fish species. “Our people have neglected fish farming for so long a time but I’m optimistic that the state can key in properly with the modern technology in Tilapia production.

“Farming is for everybody and we should embrace it and that is why we encourage people to start something no matter how small. This is the main reason government recently launched what it called Ugbo Azuno which aims at providing alternative means of livelihood especially during this COVID-19 pandemic. We are launching operation feed Anambra to help salvage the situation”.

The Chief of staff who was appointed patron of TADAN Anambra state chapter said he is not unaware of some challenges confronting farmers globally but enjoined TADAN members in the state to form cooperatives for easy accessibility of funds and promised to make arrangement for off takers once the farmers can guarantee consistency, growth and sustainability.

The new chairman, Mr. Emeka Iloghalu in his acceptance speech, said the officials will do their best to represent TADAN very well in the state and as well grow the GDP of Tilapia FIsh in Anambra state and beyond.

Iloghalu in his earlier presentation disclosed that FABDA was created to grow the economy of the Fisheries and Aquaculture sector in the state for food and for wealth creation in the state.

He noted that the vision of the Governor in creating the Agency is to be the most visible and largest fish producing state in West Africa, adding that the state is determined to use the special technology to grow Tilapia and other fish species in the state.

Saving Nigeria’s dwindling tilapia fisheries sector

Nigeria’s tilapia fish industry is facing some challenges, a scenario that makes it fail to register meaningful and sustainable growth. Stakeholders suggest ways to save the industry, DANIELESSIET reports.

Nigeria has always been a major consumer of fish, and demand for fisheries products has increased in recent years due to health-consciousness of the citizens. With the population expected to exceed 250 million in 2050, demand is likely to increase even more. However, fisheries resources are limited. Even now, many fish are already on the brink of extinction due to overfishing. For this reason, the production of fisheries products through aqua farming has become important to the challenge of securing food resources. One area that offers prospect is tilapia fish farming.Globally, large-scale commercial tilapia farming operations are profitable and international companies are investing in both local and foreign species.
While countries such as Egypt have continued to record successes in tilapia farming, Nigeria’s ailing tilapia fish sector has continued to register drastic falls in production.
Experts said despite government policies to boost tilapia production smugglingfrom from China and other constraints have made it impossible to realise the dream.
With increase in population and pressure on the nation’s fisheries resources, experts say the sector may be doomed unless certain actions are taken to stimulate increased production.
Addressing a Food and Agriculture Writers Association of Nigeria (FAWON) forum in Lagos, the stakeholders noted that the Nigerian tilapia industry would have expanded rapidly in the past few years, if serious efforts were made to change from a small-scale concern to a large one capable of feeding the entire population .
One of them was the National President, Tilapia and Aquaculture Developers Association of Nigeria (TADAN) Mr. Remi Ahmed.
Addressing the forum where the speakers focused on the current and future challenges and opportunities facing the industry, Ahmed said tilapia provides a nutritious and inexpensive protein, which plays a key role in alleviating nutrient deficiency.
But over the past few years, competition from tilapia smuggled from China into the country has intensified.
Despite higher production costs stemming from harsh operating conditions, he said cheap imports from Asia are making investment not worthwhile.
He said the Nigerian Tilapia farming model was currently being appreciated globally and this would mean unregulated importation of the commodity to retard local production. “This is coming when the international community is happy with the level of work done in Nigeria’s tilapia sub-sector. Within the short period tilapia was introduced to Nigeria, we have been able to develop and produce Tilapia feed that is better than the ones used in most African countries. Let government stop importation of Tilapia into the country because afterwards, the smuggled Tilapia will not allow local producers to get ready-made markets. Restriction of Tilapia importation is not even enough, we want an outright ban because we are producing a lot and we can meet the Tilapia deficit if given the right playing field, ” Ahmed said.
He said importers of the commodity are enjoying grants and other incentives from their countries which is why when the fish is brought here, it is very cheap.
He said cost of power and others are serious challenges, so this is not encouraging.
Ahmed canvassed ban on imported tilapia to protect local aquaculture producers. Although Customs often seize fish and poultry products that are smuggled into Nigeria, the wide availability of imported products show that their efforts are not working.
The fish farmers would like the government to close down those outlets that sell black market fish and argue that foreign tilapia is only so cheap because the smugglers do not pay taxes on them.
He said substantial amounts of foreign tilapia are available on the market, in spite of the ban on imports, which was intended to protect the local industry
He said the potential exists to increase tilapia production significantly. However, for this to be achieved, the local production system needs to be improved and greater emphasis placed on establishing best-practices. Such a move would help to bring greater market credibility, improve margins, and ensure that a more consistent quality product is available.
Global Technical Head-Fish – Triton Group, Edna Dionisio said the most effective way to support advancement of the sector is to provide a consistent supply of high-quality fish feed products, along with technical support to the industry.
She noted that ensuring Nigeria-raised tilapia meet the highest quality standards will not only open the door for local farmers but that the products will command much better prices. According to her, feeding accounts for 70 to 80 per cent of the total cost of aquaculture. Moreover, it is often done by unskilled workers, which in many cases, leads to overfeeding or uneven distribution. This means that larger, more aggressive fish tend to get most of the food while the rest go hungry.
She said feeding makes the business less profitable, uncontrollable — because the biggest cost is just spread on the water.
In order to improve the sustainability of tilapia production, she observed that it’s essential to improve feed efficiency – the ratio between the feed given to the fish and their weight gain.
Many of the small fish farmers, she noted, have no prior professional training. She said farmers must track weather conditions and water temperature, which affect fish health. And the farmers must keep records of the feed and the medicine they use.
Edna Dionisio said her dream is to solve the problem, by making feeding more efficient and controllable.
She said tilapia farming could be a more viable option in addressing household protein deficiencies and economic security if attempts were made to improve production of fish feeds and fingerlings.
She said empowering small-scale farmers to run productive and profitable farms is vital if the nation is to feed the future in a sustainable way.
She said there was need to speed up research and implementation of new innovations and technologies such as genetic improvement of local species and formulation of low cost improved fish feed.
She said her organisation is at the forefront of commercial tilapia research, with University of Ibadan and the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), dedicating resources to progress tilapia feed, nutrition and technology research and development.
Together with the local industry association, she said her organisation is sponsoring training and offering incentives to a few model farms that invest in improvements. The idea is that others will follow suit if they see it makes financial sense.
She said the industry facesthe challenge of approved and certified hatcheries to supply fingerlings and brood stock to farmers.
She said Triton Group is ready to help local small-scale farmers increase their livelihoods and income by sustainably producing tilapia.
Vice-President, TADAN, Mr. Nurudeen Tiamiu, said fish was an important source of protein. For this reason, the production of fisheries products through aqua farming has become important to the challenge of securing food resources.
He observed that there are some obstacles that must be overcome in order to obtain a stable supply of fisheries products using aqua farming.
For example, there is the problem of the need to obtain feed. Tiamiu said that the government should collaborate with real stakeholders in the sector to fashion out a roadmap to develop farmed fish in the country.
He noted that tilapia farming has emerged as a significant component of global fish supplies.
Tiamiu said that the aquaculture sector had been besieged by people who were not known fish farmers, making and taking decisions on behalf of the real time producers.
Tiamiu said: “I see no reason why the Ministry of Finance is making policies on fish import, while the Ministry of Agriculture is not doing anything for stakeholders. We have a bunch of stakeholders, you have not met with them and have not seen their capabilities in production and that means the Nigerian government do not understand the issues to be addressed when it comes to food safety. We do not even know the quantity of Tilapia needed for consumption, we only know that we have 15 million metric tonnes of fish deficit. Let government meet with stakeholders and fashion out a roadmap to develop farmed fish and farmed fish is the only way aquaculture can survive in Nigeria.”




Nurudeen Tiamiyu

National Vice President

Tilapia Aquaculture Developers Association Nigeria.

Our live fish Tilapia breeder stock import is not able to get official forex because those in the CBN refused to listen to us that fish should not have envelope category and that breeder stock is just like parent stock in the Poultry industry.

We source forex from the black market and even CBN makes it difficult to make payments since it is not valid for forex but still have to be on the queue for approval with too many delay.

The Thai breeders sent the fish even without receiving payments from us believing we would pay based on our explanations.

The fish left Thailand and missed the trans shipment in Dubai on Thursday which should have made it land in Nigeria yesterday. Fish came in 72 hours which is 24 hours outside the time limit of 48 hours.

The Nigerian Customs now decided to take the highest tariff of 10% on the fish when they had an option of grouping it under the 5% which was to be used for fishes without category. We had meeting with Ministry of Finance under GEJ to put Tilapia fry and fingerlings in the HS Codes, they refused. We complained to the Federal department of Fisheries Abuja on this matter, but they never did anything till date under the last minister of Agriculture who failed on several fronts because he was never in tune with farmers, but was chasing anything in White skin calling it foreign investors.

The fish came almost all dead on arrival after all the stress. They even delayed it again in Lagos. Plane landed 8.40am and fish was not released till 12.30 pm even when they knew we had issues since yesterday. There was no urgency in solving our predicament even after most of the paper work was done yesterday.

We must have a serious government that can appoint a serious Agriculture minister that will sit down with real stakeholders and understand issues in all sectors if we are to grow as a nation.

This government must let us know if they really want us to do Tilapia Aquaculture in Nigeria or not.

It has been a long day for me today.


Good afternoon all. This is to inform members that there will be a free training organised by ZOETIS ALPHA a global animal health company dedicated to supporting livestock farmers, veterinary surgeons in Conjunction with TADAN




Date is Friday 17 May 2019
Venue is George Town Hotel (Best Western) Ikeja Conference room
Time is 8:00 am
On Thursday 16th of May is a visit to two Tilapia farms in Lagos and a visit to one of the Fisheries research institute in Lagos which will be named once we communicate officially to them. The field tour and visit will enable participants have a first hand view of the latest methods and methodologies in

Only 20 space is available to members for this two days event.

Please make your interest know on the forum. Or directly to the National Secretary on 08033135761

TADAN, TRITON seek Federal Government ban on importation of Tilapia in Nigeria






Tilapia fish being harvested at the Ikere Gorge Dam, Iseyin, Oyo State











The Federal Government has been urged to place outright ban on the importation of tilapia, to protect fish farmers and ensure the growth of the aquaculture industry.

Stakeholders in the aquaculture industry who made the appeal

during a meeting with members of the Food and Agriculture Writers Association of Nigeria (FAWON) in Lagos, said the smuggled tilapia would not only prevent local producers from getting ready-made markets, it is also dangerous to health, as it is a reject from other countries.

The National President, Tilapia and Aquaculture Developers Association of Nigeria (TADAN), Remi Ahmed, said farmers are producing a lot and can meet the Tilapia deficit if given the right enabling environment.“We want an outright ban because we are producing a lot and we can meet the tilapia deficit if given the right enabling environment. As long as people are getting this cheap import, the tilapia grown in Nigeria will never compete with them.

“As long as we are getting this cheap import coming in, the tilapia grown in Nigeria will never compete with them, because the basic challenge has to do with pricing. This fish is coming from China and no tariff is being paid on it, so they are selling as cheap as possible to kill the local industry,” he said.

Ahmed further stated that the aquaculture sector might go underground if drastic actions are not taken to stop the smuggling, to allow local production to thrive. “Over the past few years, competition from tilapia smuggled from China into the country has intensified and if drastic actions are not taken to stop the smuggling so as for local production to thrive, the aquaculture sector is in serious trouble,”He said that fish farmers in the country especially tilapia farmers would want government to close down outlets that sell these smuggled fish, stressing that they are cheap because taxes are not paid on them.

Ahmed stressed that the imported fish are not nutritious as the locally breed fish since they are not raised in a good condition as best practices are not followed in raising the fish.“Within the short period tilapia was introduced to Nigeria we have been able to develop and produce tilapia feed that is better than the ones used in most African countries,”

The National Vice President of TADAN, Nurudeen Tiamiyu hinted that Nigerian farmers are having low sales because people are getting cheaper fish elsewhere which are smuggled, noting that they are less concerned where the fish is coming from.

“A normal Nigerian wants to eat fish he will be less concerned where the fish comes from, all he is seeing is cheap fish, so they will always prefer to pick up very cheap fish, which they don’t even know their health implications.“These fishes being brought from China are rejected fishes that cannot enter Europe or America market because of the issue of growth hormones and the very bad water conditions where these fishes are raised in volumes can hamper the health of people but Nigerian are less concerned when it comes to buying cheap fish,”Tiamiyu said

Global Technical Head, Fish–Triton Group, Edna Dionisio, said high production cost is another major challenge facing the industry, saying the cost of feed accounts for 70 to 80 per cent of the total cost of aquaculture.She said feeding of the fishes makes the business less profitable, and that in order to improve the sustainability of tilapia production; it is essential to improve feed efficiency.

Dionisio said the most effective way to support advancement of the sector is to provide a consistent supply of high-quality fish feed products, along with technical support to the industry.She noted that ensuring Nigeria raised tilapia to meet the highest quality standards will not only open the door for local farmers, but also that the products would command much better prices.

She said further that there was need to speed up research and implementation of new innovations and technologies such as genetic improvement of local species and formulation of low cost improved fish feed.

FG Seeks Self-Sufficiency In Fish Production In Nigeria

In a bid to be self-sufficient in fish production, the federal government has entered into a partnership with an international organization, WorldFish as part of efforts to meet the country’s fish production demand, which stands at 3.2 million Metric Tonnes. It was reported that Nigeria currently produces 1.1 million Metric Tonnes of fish and fishery products with a deficit of 2.1 million MT. The Minister of State for Agriculture and Rural Development,           Dr. Heineken Lokpobiri stated at stakeholder’s workshop meeting, yesterday in Abuja that the international organization is expected to support the country to achieve its target on food and nutrition. He said all fish importers have been directed to do backward integration through commercial aquaculture, adding that some of the compliant organisations have been certified by the ministry to commence fish and fishery products export to international markets. The Minister, who acknowledged capacity of the country to produce fish to meet local fish demand, noted that the country still has huge gap on tilapia fish. “Nigeria, as you all know is a large fish consuming nation and a net importer of fish and fishery products. Currently, our annual fish demand is in excess of 3.2 million MT while the production is about 1.1 million MT from all sources resulting in a demand-supply gap of about 2.1 million MT. “Nigeria was importing over 2 million metric tons of fish in 2015 with 500, 000 metric tons local capacity but currently produce 1.1 million metric tons,” he added. According to the minister, the nation largely produces catfish, which he considered as expensive, that is 80 per cent cat fish and 20 per cent Tilapia. He stressed increased production of different varieties. He appealed to the international organization to help the country increase its local production on tilapia as it did to Ghana and Egypt. “The FMARD have the mandate to harness potentials in the agriculture sector. So we will give you every support to succeed.” Earlier, WorldFish director of International Partnership, David Sheurer said the partnership became imperative to build capacity of local fish farmers and meet nutritional needs. The deputy director, Mr. Segun Babatunde called for the establishment of tilapia breeding centre to meet the deficit. He said despite that the country is the second largest fish producer in Africa after Egypt, there is need for concerted effort to produce more of tilapia. Source:


Distinguished Ladies and Gentlemen you are all welcome to the 32nd National Conference of our Great Society FISON. I seize this opportunity to thank all of you for your Cooperation and your understanding. That we are able to be at this conference is a testimony to your support and commitment to FISON.
I have the honour to brief the General Assembly of the development in the review period as follows:
A. Fund Raising
As all of us are aware we needed to raise fund for documentation and other items for ease of presentation of documents to the Nation Assembly. To this effect a request for donations was made to Members of Councils of Fellows and the generality of FISON Members. The response received from many of the Distinguished Fellows is heartwarming and encouraging. The list of donors by Members of the Council of Fellows is attached as AnnexureA for ease of reference. I must also express the appreciation of the Council of Fellows and Executive Council to many members of FISON Members who Contributed Five Thousand Naira (N5, 000=) each towards the loudable project. We also note the contributions of the Federal College of Fisheries and Marine Technology and Federal polytechnic Ado-Ekiti for their donation towards this venture.
We have gone beyond the status of successful first and second readings at the floor of National Assembly. The chairman of the Charter project Professor Adebisi Balogun, Ffs will be given the floor to brief the house of the latest development on the matter.
It is note worthy that Prof. Adebisi Balogun Ffs was given awards at the Ondo State and the National body of the University of Ibadan Alumni Association on August 10th , 2017 and 16th September respectively. The later award was most Distinguished AWARD by the Association. On behalf of FISON a Good Will Message was placed in the programme of Ondo State Chapter Ceremony at which occasion he was the Guest Lecture as well. A similar Good will message is also in 2017 Conference Programme of FISON. I take this opportunity to congratulate Prof. Adebisi Balogun, Ffs on these epoch making awards and achievements. We are proud of you.
To develop FISON National Membership database, a data Capturing officer Miss. Deborah Olayinka was employed in June 2017, Consequently she  developed the
database of FISON Membership which is put at about 2650. Also she has developed the database of some of our members along their line of Specialization. Information of Members who have responded is attached as AnnexB. Member’s responses were low hence we extended deadline of submission to November 10th, 2017. We intend to publish the document as a Compendium of Fisheries and Aquaculture Consultants.
The FISON National Platform was created in July 2017 under the Chairmanship of Dr. O. R. Oguntade. The platform is designed for dissemination of information among FISON Members Nationally. Dr.O.R. Oguntade is doing a very good job of the exercise.
With Heavy Heart and Glory to God we announce the passing unto Glory of our former National President Dr. Samuel Olanrewaju Talabi, Ffs who died in June 2017 and was buried on the 1st of September, 2017. We express our appreciation to the Council of Fellows Members who donated towards the support of the Family for a befitting burial. I seize this opportunity to thank all Distinguished Fellows who contributed towards the support of the Talabi Family through Dr. G.R. Akande’s bank Account. A total sum of Two Hundred and Seventy Six Thousand (N276, 000) was paid into FISON Account by Dr. G.R. Akande, Ffs. Consequently a gift in cheque of Two Hundred and Fifty Thousand Naira (N250, 000) was presented to Mrs. Foluke Talabi while we spent Twenty Eight Thousand Five Hundred Naira Only (N28,500) for flexi banner postals. By implication a total sum of Two Hundred and Seventy Eight Thousand and Five Hundred Naira Only (N278, 500) was committed on the burial support to the family.
Although we are aware that the process will be modified as soon as the Society gets its charter status, it is important to put on record our efforts along this line before the Charter of the Society. Following are the Induction exercises carried out in the review period:
I. University of Lagos(Unilag ),Lagos state – 22
II. Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta(FUNAAB)  Ogun State – 72
III. Ebonyi State University, Ebonyi State  – 26
IV. Federal Polytechic Nekede, Imo State – 52
V. Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Anambra State – 23
VI. University of Maiduguri, Bornu State – 12
VII. Federal University of Technology (FUTA)Akure (yet to take place) – 26
In view of the reported Aquaculture product price crisis we are planning a stakeholders forum for conflict resolution to address the issue. We have identified some stakeholders and currently working out the funding of the Stakeholders meeting. The Stakeholders identified so far include CAFFAN, LASCAFAN, DURANTE, TADAN(Tilapia Aquaculture Developers Association )FISON and others.
FISON presented a position paper on Aquaculture Industry in Nigeria at the summit Organized by National Agricultural Business Group NABG. FISON was recognized as the focal association for Fisheries and Aquaculture Development in Nigeria. It was a very great outing for FISON. The paper presented is “Harnessing the Aquaculture Value Chain for Economic Transformation of Nigeria.
Standard Organization of Nigeria (SON) Invited FISON inputs for its review of standards in Commodities including Fish and Fisheries products. FISON submitted its input Prepared by some of our specialists in the relevant subject matter.
The new Editorial Board has earnestly commenced its work. It  will be officially inaugurated during this Conference. Dr. (Mrs.) E.J Ansa completed the production of 2016 edition of Journal of Fisheries and it is currently on sale. The effort of Dr. E.J. Ansa to this effect is appreciated.
We take this time to congratulate some of our distinguished scholars and professors who delivered their Inaugural Lectures in the review period. They include:
– Prof. A.O. Ogwumba,Ffs – Federal University of Agriculture Abeokuta
– Prof. Paul Bolorunduro, Ffs- Ahmadu Bello University Zaria
– Prof. (Mrs.) O.k Adeyemo  – Niger Delta University
– Prof. Ibukunoluwa Ayodele – University of Ibadan
Category of Membership age breakdown is as follows:
7o Years and Above : 67
60-69 years : 303
Below 60years : 2280
Our last resolution was to give “FISON AMBASSADOR” award to 60years and above. In view of 370 Members will be too large for award hence we should come with selection criteria for deserving numbers hence 60years of age should be one of the eligible criteria. The Executive Council may be mandated to work out the acceptable criteria for selection.
Thank You
Olajide Ayinla, Ffs
National President


                             PROSPECT OF TILAPIA CULTURE IN NIGERIA.

Being the text of the lecture delivered by Mr Remi Ahmed The National President of Tilapia Aquaculture Developers Association Nigeria at the farmers forum of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria 32nd annual conference held at Nnamdi Azikiwe University,Akwa, Anambra State Nigeria between 23rd to 28th October 2017

INTRODUCTION: Tilapia is a native species of Africa, which is widely accepted by African population from decades, robust fish to culture, growing to market desired size in 6 months period. Take low protein diet and give high protein white meat with low fat and less odour. Tilapia is the fish that would solve all the protein problems of developing countries and the increasing demand for fish in the developed world.

CULTURABLE STRAIN:Majorly culture species belong to the genus Orechromis . The number one commercially cultured is Orechromis niloticus. Popularly refer to as Nile Tilapia. Two major improved breeds of Nile Tilapia that grow up to 28-30 per cent faster are great asset to farmers in West Africa and Egypt. These developments are the results of breeding programs in Ghana and Egypt by worldfish and partners to improve two strains of Nile Tilapia. (Orechromis niloticus). Through selective breeding program in Egypt carried out for over ten years, Abbassa strain of Nile tilapia that grows 28 per cent than the most commonly used commercial strain in Egypt.

In partnership with world fish, Water Research Institute (WRI) in Ghana, Akosombo strain was developed. This confers 30 % growth advantage over unimproved Nile Tilapia in Ghana. Nigeria research institute should wake up, to develop Nigerian strain. Abassa strain is not very popular in Nigeria but the time we started applying for Akosombo strain from Ghana, it has lost its vigor. Right now most of our stock came from Asia, particularly from Thailand.

The same worldfish played a major Genetic breed to evolve what is popularly refer to as GIFT Tilapia. This is what we are currently importing from Asia.

TILAPIA HATCHERY: Most of the hatchery in Nigeria today is earthen pond base.  The pond bears different type of hapa depends on the usage. The first set BREEDING hapa. This is where broodstock are stocked at the ratio of 3 females to 1male. The mating takes place here. The fry and eggs are recovered from here to sex reversal hapa and automatic incubator respectively.  To hasten the growth, all male fry are taken to Fingerling hapa where they grow to the size that can go to grow- out or supply to interested farmers as fingerlings.

GROWOUT:   Earthen pond, There are three type rearing systems for Tilapia. Only two of them were adopted in Nigeria. The first preference is pond. Countries like Nigeria where temperature is good, land is in abundant and very cheap, environmental regulations not so strict, abundance water sources. Pond culture is the best. The stocking density should not be higher 2-3fish/cubic meter. To get up to 800gm after 6 -8months, proper fertilization may be necessary.

Second preference is Cages. Temperature is good. There is abundance of water bodies, with high level of Oxygen in most cases. No pollution, No predators.  Most of the lakes, dams, reservoirs and embankments are either government owned or very few belong to private individuals. Most of the Federal Government lakes have been constructed and abandoned for a very long time ago. Best usage been got for many of them now. In the cages, cost of production will be 25 to 40% higher than in pond. We are very comfortable with as much as 75fish per cubic meter. So, the yield of about 37.5kg is possible per cubic meter.

Third and the last preference is Water recirculatory system. It is not advisable to embrace this system in a country where there is no electricity like Nigeria. Cost of production is always higher with as much as 120%.

From different type of systems system adopted all over the world production continue unabatedly. Indonesia in particular report a large increase in production. China held relatively steady. With recent production figures reported by various sources, the global production estimate for 2015 is 5,576,800mt. China continues its position as a single largest producer with over 1,800,000 MT in 2015. Indonesia moved up to the second position with over 1,100,000MT to beat Egypt to third position with over 800,000MT.





The fish need of Nigeria as a nation to compare with countries in sub region of West Africa.

Countries                                                Per capita fish consumption (Kg/yr)

Sierra Leone                                           34.2

Ghana                                                     27.2

Gambia                                                   26.6

Senegal                                                  23.5

Nigeria                                                   17.1

It is still very doubtful if per capita fish consumption of Nigeria is up to 17.1 kg per year.  Even with the catfish, which we are mainly producing, is only for the rich. The imported frozen food is even more expensive. The solution lies in TILAPIA.  If Tilapia is embraced and even when fed primarily with vegetable feed, it will still delivers first class fish protein. Then a cheaper and avoidable protein will be on our table. With cheaper feed, we should be able to return Tilapia to “common mans’ food as it is been done in Ghana. Some farmers are already feeding with plants in Nigeria.

Other reasons why we must produce Tilapia includes:

  • Great business opportunities. USA bill on Tilapia exceeded USD 1billion annually. Per capita consumption of Tilapia in USA increased from 0.5kg in 2009 to 0.65kg in 2010. What then stop us from Exporting our Tilapia to US?.
  • Consumption of Tilapia is not restricted by religious observances as it is Togo and the Hindus which forbid the eating of Catfish and other scale-less fish.
  • Production constraints being reduced and production cost reducing. Sex reversal to convert all fry to male fish will make the Tilapia grows bigger and faster.
  • Markets are still expanding. Latest reports from the FAO(Globefish) released early this month indicate that International Tilapia trade has grown due to demand from the United states and many non-traditional emerging markets. The government of Uganda has started advising his farmers to take advantage of surging global demand and ramp up production. The same government is all over Europe looking for market for his farmer’s Tilapia.
  • Low cost of feed inputs. Tilapia can grow to a market-able size of 250-450gm within eight months, even when fed primarily with vegetable feed.
  • Nigeria has a solid marketing opportunity for Tilapia- Producers, processors and traders. A lot of new jobs are been created with Tilapia culture. Diver, net maker, paddler, Tilapia hawker, Smoked Tilapia plant, Barbecue Sport etc.

Ladies and gentlemen, Tilapia is the fish that will take us to paradise of fish protein and get the country name registered in the export market of fish internationally.

Thank you.

Remi Ahmed.




Tilapia Barbecue

Smoked Tilapia.

Dear Sir/Maa,
   On behalf of the Board of Trustee we formally introduce to you the TILAPIA AQUACULTURE DEVELOPERS ASSOCIATION, NIGERIA (TADAN) currently an affiliate member of FISON. The association became duly registered on the 6th of June 2014 at the Corporate Affair Commission (CAC) in  Abuja  after having had several name modification by the commission. The certificate of incorporation no CAC/IT/NO 69941 and a copy is hereby attached for your information and records please.

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